From the top of the Mount of Olives we get a panoramic view of the Old City which we will later explore, we can see the Dome of the Rock and the many roof tops, steeples and minarets of the city. On our way down the mountain we pass the Garden of Gethsemane and drive through Kidron Valley passed several ancient Jewish tombs. We enter the Armenian Quarter of the Old City and head towards the restored Cardo, once a busy Byzantine thoroughfare. In the Jewish Quarter we visit the Wailing Wall and see the holiest Jewish site in the world. Following the Via Dolorosa along the route Jesus took to his crucifixion at Golgotha we pass the Stations of the Cross. The Via Dolorosa leads us to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the holiest Christian site in the Old City. Our tour of the Old City ends with a visit to the Christian and Muslim Quarter markets before driving south through the Judean Desert. On our way we pass the city of Jericho and arrive at the Dead Sea where we can swim, relax and benefit from the rejuvenating natural minerals in the water, air and black Dead Sea mud.
Our first stop in Jerusalem is at the Mount of Olives where we can look out across the ancient city. We are able to peer down over the walls of Jerusalem's Old City and on to the many famous sites like the Dome of the Rock on Temple Mount with its iconic gold colored dome. As we descend the Mount of Olives we can see the Garden of Gethsemane; the Church of All Nations with its colorful mosaic pediment and the Jewish burial tombs of Zechariah, Absalom and Benei Hazir. We pass through the Kidron Valley and follow the walls of the Old City until we reach the Zion Gate and the entrance to the Armenian Quarter. We walk along the Cardo, the restored main Byzantine street which ran through the Old City. The stone openings lining the Cardo once housed Crusader shops and today they hold up-market modern stores. The restoration and excavation of the Cardo is not yet complete and we can see the various stages of this process. We arrive in the Jewish Quarter at the Western Wall (Kotel or Wailing Wall) it is the last remaining retaining wall of the Jewish Temple which was destroyed in 70AD. Here Jews gather at all hours of the night and day to pray. You can place a prayer note in the cracks between the huge stones of the wall. Our next site is the Via Dolorosa or Way of the Cross; this was the route Jesus took, carrying his cross towards his crucifixion. The Via Dolorosa wends its way through the Old City lanes and markets. Each of the 14 Stations of the Cross where Jesus paused are marked with an explanation of the events. We reach the last point on this holy route at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, constructed on the site where Jesus was crucified at Golgotha. The huge church has several beautifully adorned chapels and within the church are five of the Stations of the Cross – the 10th where Jesus was stripped of his clothes; The Chapel of the Nailing on the Cross (11th station); The Rock of Calvary (12th station); the 13th station where Jesus' body was removed from the cross and the place where Jesus was laid to rest in his tomb (14th station).
On our way out of the Old City we pass through the Christian Quarter and Muslim Quarter markets where you can buy souvenirs, bargain over your purchase and taste delicious freshly squeezed orange juice. We leave Jerusalem and head south towards the Judean Desert. Our journey takes us passed the Biblical city of Jericho and further south to the Dead Sea. On the way through the desert we pass the mark which indicates that we are now going beneath sea level; the Dead Sea is the lowest point on Earth at about 400 meters below sea level. After an exciting day of sightseeing we can relax with a swim in the famous sea. The Dead Sea is 9.6 times saltier than the ocean and the high saline content will keep you afloat so you can pose for a classic shot reading a newspaper. Give yourself a natural spa treatment by covering your skin with the black Dead Sea mud, then plunge back into the water for a rejuvenating swim.