The word Cappadocia was first encountered in the inscription written on the rocks of the Behistan Mountain, which is located between the cities of Kermanshah and Hammam in 6th-century BC. It is written here in the form of Katpatuka. Some sources say that in Persian it means the land of beautiful horses. It is known that horses raised in this region in ancient times were very famous, and some emperors who conquered the region demanded horses as taxes.
We know that this place was ruled by 2 governors (satraps) during the Persian period. (Taurus and Pontus Cappadocia) The oldest written historical source belonging to the Cappadocia region is mentioned in the work of the Amasya historian Strabo called geographika.
Göreme Open Air Museum is a rock settlement area located 2 km east of Göreme town. Göreme open-air museum, which is the most popular tourist attraction in the Cappadocia region is filled with many rock settlements, churches, monasteries, dining halls, chimneys and more. Tokalı Kilise,Rahipler ve Rahibeler Manastırı,St. Basil Şapeli,Elmalı Kilise,Çavuşin Kilisesi,Yılanlı Kilise,Karanlık Kilise,Azize Catherine Şapeli,Çarıklı Kilise and numerous settlements can be seen in the open air museum.