The city of Taj Mahal . Agra is one of the most popular Tourist Destination in India . It is located about 204 km south of Delhi in the Indian state of Utter Pradesh. Situated on the west bank of river Yamuna , Agra is a beautiful city and it has many historical element associated with the city . The Taj Mahal, Agra fort , Fatehpur Sikri are some of the historical places to be visited here.
Agra is a city of Tomb and memorials and is Known for its Taj mahotsav . This cultural festival is held in the month of February every year and thousand of tourists come to experience it, from all over the world . Taj mahotsav bring Traditional Indian music and dance on a single platform for everybody to enjoy.
The history of this beautiful city has monuments that hold memories date back to centuries ago. Infact, this city was redesigned when the mughal rule took hold in the 15th Century. The Mughal ruler called Sultan Sikander Lodi was the main founder of the world famous tourist attraction called Agra. This beautiful city was founded wayback in the year 1504. Emperor Akbar built Agra Fort, while Jahangir beautified it with palaces and gardens. Then, Shah Jahan marked the zenith of Mughal Architecture by building the Taj , the unspeakably beautiful riverside mausoleum that is still undoubtedly the biggest tourist attraction of Agra .
PLACES TO VISIT
The most famous of the monument of Agra TajMahal , TajMahal is one of the seven world of the world . TajMahal is devotion and dedicated of love . TajMahal is monument built by Emperor Shah Jahan . In the memory of her wife Mumtaz Mahal , TajMahal is located on the bank of River Yamuna in Agra .TajMahal is completed in 1648. Taj Mahal expresses the magnificence of Mughal architecture . The Taj has done wonder to Agra tourism Taj is a must in each one of the Agra.
Beside the Taj Mahal amongst the other famous monument of Agra , the Agra Fort . Agra Fort was built by Emperor Akbar , He was undoubtedly the gretest Mughal Emperor of India . The construction Agra fort started in the 1565 and completed 1573 built with redstone Agra fort is a mixture of the Islamic and Hindu Style of Architecture Agra tourism would be incomplete without that monument. Top building to visit inside the fort are Sheesh Mahal , Diwan I Am(hall of public audience) , Diwan I Khas (hall of private audiences), Anguri Bagh , Khas Mahal , Mina Masjid , Nagina Masjid , Musamman Burj .Today , the fort is a major tourist spot and attracts many tourist from all over the world .
ITMAD-UD- DAULAH Tomb
It is a tomb built with white marble in the typical Islamic style architecture . It was built by the Mughal Emperor Noor Jahan in the memory of her Father ITMAD-UD-DAULAH. This monument is located her left bank of Yamuna River. IT happen to be one of the must visit Monument of Agra .
Mehtab Bagh is constructed just opposite TajMahal , Mehtab Bagh is a char bagh complex thet is considerd the Ultimate viewing point of the magnificent marble mausoleum. The garden is open from sunrise to sunset and is considered a photographers haven because it is the point from where you can take some unique photographs of the TajMahal with a gorgeous backdrop.
The tomb of the great Mughal Emperor Akbar is worth visiting. Akbar’s tomb is a mixture of many architectural styles and is completely different from earlier Mughal buildings. So a visit to this monument is necessary and worthy for any first time visitor. This building was built in 1604-1613 and is situated in 119 acres of ground in Sikandra.
Fatehpur Sikri is near Agra and one was the capital of Mughal Emperor Akbar.Fatehpur sikri fort is listed among the World Heritage Sites. This city was found as the capital of Mughal Empire in 1571 by Emperor Akbar . The architecture of the city was designed by Dhruv Chawla and Tuhir Das Akbar founded the city after winning Chittor and Ranthombore. Fatehpur Sikri tourist palaces Buland Darwaza , Diwan-I-khas , Jodha Bai Palace(Marium-Uz-Zamani Palace) , Tomb of sheik salim chisti , Jama Masjid , Panch Mahal and many other tourist palaces in Fatehpur Sikri. The palace of Jodha bai or the Rajput queen of Emperor Akbar the palace of Jodha Bai in Fatehpur Sikri is one of the most charming palace. This palace is located on the eastern side entirety of the fort and the Buland Darwaza is the most famous palace in Fatehpur Sikri .Buland Darwaza is a storied high gateway that guard the north eastern entrance of the city in Fatehpur Sikri . Buland Darwaza is counted as one of the tallest gateway in the world is almost entirely made out of the red stone.
Best Time to Visit
Agra has dry summer mild winter , and moderate monsoons, It also has the best time to visit Agra would be in the transition between summer and winter Generally, the months between October and March are considered as the tourist season with an average temperature of around 10 to 12 degree celsius . The heat of summer will have cooled off and winter will be just around the corner by mid October. You can also visit Agra during the monsoon season, between August and October .The vision of a rainy Taj Mahal is indeed a site to behold.
How to Reach Agra
Agra is will connected with all the major cities in India like Delhi , Lucknow , Mumbai , Kolkata , Bangalore , Chennai and Cochin .The main airline company connecting these cities to Agra is Air India . There is no International Airport in Agra , so tourists travelling to this city from abroad are advised to head any of the major cities in India like Delhi or Mumbai and catch a flight to Agra from there.
Agra airport or Kheria Air Force station is only 13 km away from Taj Mahal and is a part of the military air base at Agra.
Agra is easily accessible from all the major cities in the country by train. There are many railway stations in Agra like the Agra Cantonment railway station , Agra Fort railway station, Agra city railway station , Idgah railway station etc. Various trainS operate between Agra and other cities like Mumbai , Kolkata , Bangalore , Chennai etc.
There are many national highways connecting Agra to other cities of India .There is also an expressway that originates in the city. ISBT (Inter State Bus Terminal) and Idgah bus stand are two major bus terminal here. A few of the major bus operators connect with major cities in India like Delhi , Mumbai , Jaipur etc .
Language of Agra
The official language of Agra is Hindi , the same as the national language of India. But, many of residents also speak Punjabi and Urdu. A few of them also speak Brijbhasa . Because of the presence of tourists from around the world in the city, the people here especially the tour guides, are also familiar with English.