20 Days History tour itinerary for brazil: Immerse Yourself Into The Amazonian And Inca Cultures
Cusco, Iquitos, Lima, Machu Picchu, Manaus, Ollantaytambo, Písac, Puerto Maldonado, Rio Branco, Santa Rosa, Urubamba
Sail down the Amazon River, across Peru, Colombia and Brazil, to the Lost City of Incas and on the way, explore rainforests, jungle tribes, quaint towns and bustling cities surrounded by the lush nature of the Amazon. With the help of experienced local guides well-versed in the ecology and culture of the area, you are sure to go deep into the Amazonian Forests for an unforgettable tour. From walking and trekking to canoeing and camping, this is a wholesome trip for your adventurous soul.
arrival in lima
Upon arrival at Lima International airport, we will be assist and transfer you to the hotel of your choice.
Take rest at the hotel for some time and then we will prepare for your trip around this magical country.
After breakfast, you will be guided through a sightseeing tour of the most attractive and important sites in Lima, the 'City of Kings'.
The tour includes Lima's Historical Centre: Plaza San Martin - the Main Plaza, the Government Palace, the City Hall, the Cathedral and its Religious Art Museum, the Church of Santo Domingo with the tombs of Santa Rosa and San Martin de Porras, and the Colonial Balconies.
We will visit the Convent and Church of San Francisco, the greatest monumental complex of colonial art in America and a cultural heritage of humanity.
The tour includes a visit to the Basilica of 21 altars, Convent of Cloisters, Capitulary and Clementine Rooms, Chorus and Library of the Monks, a museum showing 11 paintings of the Rubens School, the Sacristy with paintings of Surbaran and Ribera and its great patio decorated with Seville tiles of XVIth Century, Moorish arches, and underground Catacombs.
We will also visit El Olivar Park with olive trees brought from Spain in the XVth Century and the Central Park of Miraflores and Larcomar - a symbol of modern Lima and a tourist and entertainment centre as well as a privileged site to enjoy an amazing view of the Pacific Ocean.
Lima - Iquitos
After breakfast, we will transfer to Lima Airport for your flight to Iquitos.
Upon arrival, we will transfer to the selected hotel and spend the rest of the day at leisure. Iquitos is a city that can be reached only by air or boat; with the exception of a road (which is not connected to the country's main road network ) to Nauta, a small town roughly 100 km (62 mi) south of Iquitos. Ocean vessels of 3000 to 9000 tons and 5.5 metres can reach Iquitos via the Amazon River, from the Atlantic Ocean.
Iquitos - Three Frontiers
We will leave at 6am by speedboat to the Three Frontiers - Santa Rosa (Peru), Leticia (Colombia), Tabatinga (Brasil). This is where the three borders meet and the cities are close to each other.
Leaving Peru via the Rio Amazonas inevitably means crossing the three-way-frontier - nearly 300 km from Iquitos. The cheapest and most common route is by river from Iquitos. It is an 8 - 10 hour trip by a speedboat with two outboard motors, or four days downriver in a riverboat.
We will get a unique glimpse at the Peruvian Amazon River and rainforest through visits to Indian villages, jungle hikes at day and night, bird-watching, and piranha fishing excursions using our ecological outboard powered aluminium shore boats.
Local Amazon naturalist - English speaking guides with years of experience in Amazon Rainforest Ecology will help passengers discover more sights.
The trip allows passengers to visit remote black water lakes, lagoons, creeks, and channels normally inaccessible by other boats. The departures are scheduled only on Saturdays at noon. Some services go all the way to Leticia (Colombia) or Tabatinga (Brazil), but many stops at one of the two small Peruvian frontier settlements of Santa Rosa or Islandia at Chimbote.
A few hours before we get to Santa Rosa/Leticia/Tabatinga, is a small police post serving as the main customs checkpoint (Guarda Costa) for river traffic.
Upon arrival, transfer to a hotel in Leticia (Colombia) and you are free for the rest of the day.
Leticia / Tabatinga - Manaus by Ship Cargo
We will be travelling by Cargo Ship from Tabatinga to Manaus. The boat leaves only on Wednesday and Saturday. Tabatinga is a small Brazilian town right next to the Columbian town of Leticia; only a road separates them.
We will stay in Leticia while waiting for our boat; the city offers good hostels. There is no border checking between these two towns and Santa Rosa on the Peruvian side. But as soon as we get out of the towns, we will encounter passport checks. One can get Brazilian stamp only at Policia Federales, which is on the way but it is better to get there before leaving.
We recommend you to take the upper deck and position yourself around the middle of the ship.
Leticia/Tabatinga – Manaus by Ship Cargo
We will travel by Cargo Ship to Manaus.
On the day of your arrival, you will be transferred to the selected hotel in Manaus. You are free for the rest of the day.
Manaus lies on the Negro river, 7 km from where it meets the Solimões river to form the Amazon river. It is the capital of the Amazonas state and a hub of the entire Amazon Region, with a population of 1.6 million. Today. Manaus is also a busy trade centre, with its roots in the rubber trade industry. One of the must-see places in Manaus is the Amazon Opera House and its surroundings. The Opera house is considered as the most important architectural work from the rubber golden age.
We will visit the Courthouse Palace. With its sober and austere facade, it is the best representative of the city's architecture. Manaus serves as the best-equipped entry and exit point for eco-tourists heading into the Amazon Rainforest. This region is very humid and receives heavy rainfall all year round.
Take a trip to Ceasa market.
We will get onboard a speedboat to go to the other side of the river until we reach Careiro village - a typical fisherman's spot for commercialization of river fish.
Along the way, we will have the opportunity to see the magnificent 'Meeting of the Waters' - the junction where the Amazon River meets the Negro River.
After arriving at Careiro Village, we will continue on the famous Trans Amazonica road for 40 kilometres until we reach the Arara River, where a houseboat or Jungle Lodge is waiting for us.
It takes another couple of hours to reach Mamori basin. After lunch, we will explore the area and its ecosystems.
Overnight at hotel.
After breakfast, we will go on a jungle trek and learn about medicinal plants, survival techniques and flora & fauna.
In the afternoon, after a buffet lunch, we will go on a fishing trip (Piranhas).
Back to hotel for buffet dinner.
Then, we will go on a night tour for alligator spotting and feel the nocturnal environment.
Overnight at hotel.
After breakfast, we will visit native Caboclos. It is an amazing experience to see how these people deal with the jungle and their typical way of life, canoeing through the creeks and flooded lands (Igarapé and Igapó).
After buffet lunch, we will go on a canoe ride for bird watching.
Return to hotel for buffet dinner.
Overnight at hotel.
Return to Manaus city
After breakfast, we will go for a sunrise tour on canoes.
Return to Manaus after lunch.
Manaus - Rio Branco
Transfer to Manaus Airport for your flight to Rio Branco city, the capital of Acre state in NW Brazil. Rio Branco has air connections to all the major cities of Brazil, but river travel is still an important means of transportation. Rio Branco has also been one of the primary cities to surface within the banks of the Acre River of the Amazon.
Rio Branco - Puerto Maldonado ( Peru )
After breakfast, we will drive to Puerto Maldonado city on the Peru side (8 - 9 hrs drive approximately).
Upon arrival, transfer to the selected hotel. Puerto Maldonado is a small Amazonian city in the Madre de Dios region of Peru. The city itself holds little interest to tourists, however, its a great starting point for visiting some of the amazing Jungle reserves, particularly the Tambopata reserve which is close by.
Puerto Maldonado - CUZCO
After breakfast, we will drive in private car to Cusco via the Inter Oceania road. (8 - 9 hrs drive approximately)
During our trip, we will stop for pictures and enjoy views of the Ausangate mountain of the Willkanuta Mountain range in the Andes of Peru. The area has four major geological features - the Andean uplift formed by Grants, the hanging glaciers and glacial erosional valleys, the Permian formation with its singular colours: red, ochre, and turquoise, and the Cretaceous limestone forests.
Cusco CITY TOURS
After breakfast, you are at leisure.
In the afternoon, we will have a guided sightseeing tour of Cusco including the Main Square, the Cathedral and the Temple of the Sun or Korikancha.
Then, we drive out of the city to visit the Inca sites of Kenko, Tambomachay, Puca Pucara, and the impressive fortress of Sacsayhuaman, strategically built on a hill overlooking Cusco and famous for its enormous carved stones - some of them standing over 9m/30ft high and weighing over 350 tons.
At 08:00 pm, get ready to enjoy dinner with a folklore show, at a typical restaurant where the musicians play their melodies with Andean instruments, while typically dressed dancers entertain you with ancient Peruvian dances.
Cusco: Sacred Valley of The Incas - Santa Maria
Early morning excursion to the Urubamba Valley, the sacred valley of the Incas.
On our way from Cusco, we can stop in Awanakancha. One cannot travel to Peru without taking time to see animals native to the Andes. And unless you plan on heading deep into the countryside, the very best and easiest place to see them is at Awanakancha, a small camelid farm dedicated to the animals and intricate textiles produced from their wool.
On arrival at the farm, you will have the opportunity to meet the resident animals: Alpaca, Llama, and Vicuña. The friendly animals are keen to meet visitors in the hope of receiving a tasty grassy snack.
After getting to know the animals, you can take some time to visit the small onsite exhibits, where you can understand how the animal wool is refined and naturally dyed, before being expertly woven into fabrics, tapestries, clothing and a variety of other products. Women from native communities offer live examples of traditional intricate weaving techniques, using basic tools and wooden looms.
We will also visit the picturesque Indian Pisac Market held on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Sundays. It is a shopping paradise in the Andes where barter is still practised. You can enjoy the unique atmosphere during a typical lunch.
In the afternoon, while passing through the Towns of Calca and Urubamba, we will visit the Inca Fortress and Citadel of Ollantaytambo, built to guard the entrance to this part of the Valley and protect it from possible invasion from the tribes in the Lower jungle. You can walk through the quaint streets of the nearby town, and get a good idea of what this strategic military, religious, and agricultural centre was like in the past.
We continue the journey along a winding ascent towards the Abra Malaga and the snowy Veronica located at an altitude of 4316 meters, from where we can enjoy the magnificent landscapes of the Cusco geography.
After a short break of 15 minutes in the Abra Malaga, we will descend into the jungle of the Inca trail through the different climates that combine the paradisiacal landscapes of majestic snow and the hot jungle of the Inca Trail.
At the height of Alfamayó, find a fully-paved Inca trail in admirable condition fully. This is where asphalt road begins and we will continue towards the district of Santa Maria.
santa maria - santa teresa
Wake up at 7.00 am. You will find yourself in the midst of the jungle.
After a hearty breakfast, our day starts with a short but intense climb to start your section of an authentic Inca Trail. As you wind up and down precipitous cliffs over a stunning valley, your guide will transport you to the time of the Incas by revealing some of what little we do know from this ancient culture.
The trail descends to Quellomayo where the group will stop for lunch and have some time to relax in hammocks. Keep an eye out for natural fruit, especially the taste explosion that is maracuja (passion fruit).
After lunch, the trek continues along the surging Urubamba river, crossing it at one point in a cart and pulley (safe yet thrilling).
Then we can walk to Santa Teresa Hot Spring, which is constructed on the slopes of the mountain and on the banks of the Urubamba River. The thermal water complex has three pool of different sizes and depths, which are supplied with medicinal water that varies between 40ºC and 44ºC.
The thermal baths of Santa Teresa mainly differ from the other springs of Peru because of its crystalline waters. These medicinal waters possess properties to treat cutaneous ulcers, bone pain, and rheumatism. In the thermal baths, you can also submerge under cold streams from the Uripata lagoons, which provides a comforting sensation. At the bottom of the pools there is soft sand and around the pools, we can contemplate rocks, vegetation, the sound of the river and the mountain.
The thermal baths of Santa Teresa are fully equipped with bathrooms, showers, dressing rooms, soccer fields, space for camping, cafeteria, a kiosk for food and beverage supply and a viewpoint. It also has a hydromassage system and is a very pleasant place to rest after extensive walks such as Machu Picchu and Choquequirao trails.
Santa Teresa - Aguas Calientes
Today, we will take a car to Machu Picchu Hydroelectric Station and then continue our adventurous journey to the lost city.
For those who wish to walk, it is three hours trek from the Hydroelectric to Aguas Calientes 'Town of Machu Picchu'.
Machupicchu - Cusco
We will go to the bus station for a journey to the famous Inca Citadel of Machu Picchu, also known as 'The Lost City of the Incas'. Climbing 6 km of winding road, the bus will take us to the incredible site of Huayna Picchu also known as Wayne Picchu (Quechua for "Young Peak").
The number of daily visitors allowed to enter Huayna Picchu is restricted to 200. It is a mountain in Peru around which the Urubamba River bends. It rises over Machupicchu, the so-called lost city of the Incas, and divides it into sections. The Incas built a trail up the side of the Huayna Picchu and built temples and terraces on its top. The peak of Huayna Picchu is about 2720 meters (8920 ft) above sea level, or about 360 meters (1180 ft) higher than Machu Picchu.
According to local guides, the top of the mountain was the residence of the high priest and the local virgins. Every morning, before sunrise, the high priest with a small group would walk down to Machu Picchu to signal the coming of the new day.
Then we will participate in a guided tour of the Citadel, visiting the Main Plaza, the Circular Tower, the Sacred Sun Dial, the Royal Quarters, the Temple of the Three Windows, and various burial grounds. The Sun Gates of Machu Picchu boasts a picture-perfect vantage point overlooking Peru's most famous ruins. Tourists flock to this outcrop high in the Andes Mountains to enjoy the same view featured on virtually every postcard depicting the Machu Picchu citadel.
Cuzco gives an excellent opportunity to enjoy a stroll through the town of Aguas Calientes and visit its hot springs with thermal waters. Then, you will visit Mandor Waterfall, in an area of lush forest surrounding the town of Machu Picchu. You just have to follow the railway line from Machu Picchu Pueblo for a 45 minute-hike. When you reach a railway crossing, you will see a small group of houses, whose dwellers will tell you how to reach Mandor Waterfall.
Cusco / Lima / home
Transfer to Cusco Airport for your flight to Lima and back home.
In Lima, a sightseeing tour.
In Iquitos, speedboat to the three frontiers & ship to Manaus.
In Manaus jungle, tour to Samauma.
In Rio Branco, bus to Puerto Maldonado
In Puerto Maldonado, bus to Cusco.
In Cusco, sightseeing tour and trip to nearby ruins. Dinner including folklore show is also included.
In the sacred valley of the Incas, excursion to Pisac and Ollantaytambo is included. Lunch is also included.
In Machu Picchu, guided visit to Citadel and lunch is included.
19 nights accommodation is included.
All entrance tickets applicable.
All transfers and land transportation.
Train ticket from Ollantaytambo - Aguas Calientes – Ollantaytambo.
Bus ticket from Aguas Calientes- Machu Picchu- Aguas Calientes.
Bus ticket of Rio Branco, Puerto Maldonado, and Cusco.
Speed Boat in Iquitos and Tabatinga.
Ship cargo at Tabatinga.
Manaus accommodation is in a dormitory.
Airfare Lima / Iquitos, Manaus / Rio Branco & Cusco / Lima.
All applicable taxes.
All bilingual guided tours (English / Spanish) as described in the itinerary.
Private guide in Lima (Spanish, English, German, Italian & Japanese Spoken).
Airport taxes ($30.25 for international flights and $6.05 for domestic flights).
Alcoholic drinks, soda or bottled mineral water.
International or National personal telephone calls.
On the 1st day, no meal is provided.
On 2nd, 3rd, 7th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 18th,19th and 20th only breakfast is provided.
On 6th, 8th, 9th, 10th and 11th day breakfast, lunch and dinner are provided.
On the 5th day, breakfast and lunch are provided.
On the 16th day, breakfast and lunch are provided.
Most of the people travel within the Iquitos city on buses, motorcycles, or the ubiquitous auto rickshaws. This is a modified motorcycle with a cabin supported by two wheels, seating up to three persons. Transportation to nearby towns often requires a river trip by a peque, a small motorized boat.
Rio Branco was built on the site of a former rubber plantation. It has a university and is actually a Brazilian metropolis found in the Valley of Acre. It is the most inhabited area in the state, with about 305954 people - practically 50 percent of the state population.
With an altitude of 6384 meters, Willkanuta Mountain range in the Andes of Peru is situated around 100 kilometres southeast of Cusco. The mountain has significance in Inca mythology. Every year the Qollou (Quechua for 'Star Snow 2') city festival which attracts thousands of Quechua pilgrims is celebrated about 20 km north of the Ausangate, at the mountain Qullai Punku. It takes place one week before the Corpus Christi feast. The region is inhabited by llama and alpaca herding communities and constitutes one of the few remaining pastoralist societies in the world. High mountain trails are used by these herders to trade with agricultural communities at lower elevations. Currently, one of these trails, "the road of the Apu Ausangate", is one of the most renowned treks in Peru.
The Temple of the Moon, one of the three major temples in the Machu Picchu area, is nestled on the side of the mountain and is situated at an elevation lower than Machu Picchu. Adjacent to the Temple of the Moon is the Great Cavern, another sacred temple with fine masonry. The other major temples in Machu Picchu are the Temple of the Condor, Temple of Three Windows, Principal Temple, "Unfinished Temple", and the Temple of the Sun also called the Torreon.
Also known as Inti Punku, the Sun Gates consist of two stones perched at the narrow passage in the crevice of the mountain, just above Machu Picchu. The sunshine rises brilliantly through this portal each day.
The Hot Spring of Cuzco is at distance of 800 m. east of Machupicchu town. These hot sulfur springs bubble up from the rocky underground at varying temperatures. The specially built pools at this resort are the basis of its use as hot mineral baths. The hot spring offers natural resources for medical therapy, and also is a great treatment for Rheumatism. It helps get rid of stress and toxins, enhance your metabolism and avoid high blood pressure. The average temperature of the water runs from 38° to 46°C. There are also changing rooms, bathrooms sand, and a small snack bar.
Cusco, Iquitos, Lima, Machu Picchu, Manaus, Ollantaytambo, Písac, Puerto Maldonado, Rio Branco, Santa Rosa, Urubamba
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