15 Days Archeology tour itinerary for peru: Rediscover The Secrets Of Peruvian Heritage
Arequipa, Colca Canyon, Cusco, Ica, Juliaca, Lake Titicaca, Lima, Machu Picchu, Nazca, Ollantaytambo, Puno, Urubamba
Embark on an adventurous tour exploring the wildlife sanctuary on the Peruvian coast, admiring the animals, birds and geometric figures etched in the desert, meeting Water Tribes on the Floating Islands of Uros and visiting one of the deepest canyons in the world. Enjoy boat excursions and underground hot sulfur springs; visit churches, four-century old convent, Temple of the Sun and much more.
arrival in Lima
Upon arrival at Lima's international airport, you will be assisted and transferred to the hotel of your choice.
Take rest at the hotel for some time and then we will prepare for your trip around this magical country.
Sightseeing Tour & Paracas
After breakfast, you will be guided through a sightseeing tour of the most attractive and important sites in Lima, the 'City of Kings'.
The tour includes Lima's Historical Centre: Plaza San Martin - the Main Plaza, the Government Palace, the City Hall, the Cathedral and its Religious Art Museum, the Church of Santo Domingo with the tombs of Santa Rosa and San Martin de Porras, and the Colonial Balconies.
We will visit the Convent and Church of San Francisco, the greatest monumental complex of colonial art in America and a cultural heritage of humanity.
The tour includes a visit to the Basilica of 21 altars, Convent of Cloisters, Capitulary and Clementine Rooms, Chorus and Library of the Monks, a museum showing 11 paintings of the Rubens School, the Sacristy with paintings of Surbaran and Ribera and its great patio decorated with Seville tiles of XVIth Century, Moorish arches, and underground Catacombs.
We will also visit El Olivar Park with olive trees brought from Spain in the XVth Century and the Central Park of Miraflores and Larcomar - a symbol of modern Lima and a tourist and entertainment centre as well as a privileged site to enjoy an amazing view of the Pacific Ocean.
We will leave by bus to the Paracas Peninsula, where we can find the most important wildlife sanctuary on the Peruvian Coast.
Ballestas Island & Nasca
Boat excursion to the Ballestas Islands, where we can observe Sea Lions, Boobies, Pelicans, Penguins and other seabirds.
On the way back aboard the boat, we can also see the "Candelabro" (Candelabrum ) - a giant figure etched in the sand on the side of a hill in the style of the Nazca Lines.
Proceed to Ica and visit Huacachina Oasis, surrounded by sand dunes.
Ride the dune buggy cars that will take you through the Ica desert, up and down the dunes where you could also practice sandboarding.
In the afternoon, continue by bus transportation to the City of Nazca.
Nazca: Nazca Lines - Arequipa
After an early breakfast transfer to Nazca Airport for a 30-minute flight over the enigmatic Nazca Lines. These enormous drawings of animals, birds and geometric figures remain etched in the desert and they can only be appreciated from the air.
At 1.30 pm, travel by bus to the white city of Arequipa (about 10 hours - 640 km) along the desert and coastal valleys. Arequipa received its name due to the white buildings, constructed with the white rock that flows out of the Misti Volcano.
Upon your arrival in Arequipa, you will be met and transferred to the selected hotel.
Arequipa: Sightseeing tour
Sightseeing tour of Arequipa, in the morning, includes the Main Square which is one of the most beautiful squares in Peru, and the Cathedral, a prime example of XIXth Century Peruvian architecture, housing beautiful treasures in gold and silver.
We will also visit the La Compañia Church, an ancient Jesuit temple which is maybe the most important one in Arequipa due to its history and tradition, with a beautiful façade of carved columns, laurel crowns, flowers, birds, etc. A more careful look at the façade, however, will reveal the limits of European influence, as the angels have Indian faces - one face is even crowned with feathers.
Then, we will visit the Santa Catalina Convent, a "Small Town" built in the XVIIth Century and opened to the public in 1970, after 400 years as a Cloister. Perfectly preserved for four Centuries, you will go back in time as you enter the Cloister and see the numerous, spacious patios and gardens, the kitchen and slave quarters and stone washtubs of this Convent. About 20 nuns, of what were once 500, still live in a section of this Convent.
Arequipa: Colca Canyon
Early in the morning, depart on a wonderful four hours bus trip to the Colca Canyon, one of the deepest canyons in the world (3400m).
On the trip, we will drive across Pampa Cañahuas in the Aguada Blanca National Reserve, inhabited by herds of Vicuñas and Alpacas (South American cameloids).
We will also see beautiful pre-Columbian terraces, still being cultivated by the native Collaguas.
On your arrival at Colca Valley, transfer to the selected lodge.
In the afternoon, we recommend you to rest and acclimatize to the altitude. If you are in good shape, you will have free time to stroll around the lodge surroundings or you could take a repairing bath at the hot springs near the lodge.
Dinner at the selected lodge at the Colca Valley.
Overnight at Colca Condor Cross - Chivay Valley
Colca: Condor Cross - Chivay Valley
We will leave early in the morning to the "Condor's Cross", where the world's biggest bird can usually be seen.
On the way back, we will visit the Colonial Towns and Churches of Yanque, Coporaque, Achoma, and Maca. It is a good opportunity to appreciate the life of these people that has changed little since Inca times.
We will lunch at a local restaurant.
Overnight in Chivay Valley.
Chivay Valley - Juliaca & Capachica Llachon (Puno)
At 1.30 p.m, you will be transferred to the Puno route. It offers great natural sceneries.
Along this paved road, we will drive through small towns. as well as a beautiful lagoon called Lagunillas where trout farms can be seen. If you are lucky, you might also see Andean flamingos and many others Andean birds.
(Optional) If time permits, visit the highlight of this road - the burial towers of Sillustani which are enormous cylindrical constructions built long before the Incas. The Sillustani Towers are perhaps the finest and the perfect cylindrical construction of ancient Peru; as such perfection can be found nowhere else in South America.
If time permits, we will give you a better view into the life of pre - Inca civilizations, and while exploring the area you can marvel at the great beauty of the Umayo Lagoon, which is located at the foot of the Sillustani natural platform.
Early in the morning, we will take a motorboat excursion on the waters of Lake Titicaca to the unique "Floating Islands" of the Uros. These ancient inhabitants of the lake, known as the Water Tribe, have built their own island by periodically adding new layers of a type of reed called 'Totoro' (Scirpus Totora), a vegetable fibre of the Papyrus family. Their homes and boats are also made from this material.
We continue our motorboat trip to Taquile Island, inhabited by Quechua-speaking natives who have, over generations, developed an efficient and unique social system, as well as fine hand weaving techniques. It is necessary to go up a stairway of more than 567 stone steps winding their way among green platforms, to arrive at the Town of Taquile where we will take a break to eat.
After lunch in a local Taquile Inn, we will take a walk through the various hills and archaeological sites of this 6 km long Island.
In the afternoon, return to Puno for overnight at your hotel.
In the evening, you are free to explore on your own.
Puno - Cusco ( 389 kms = 08 hrs )
After an early breakfast, depart by bus to the City of Cusco.
We will travel along the High Plateau of Collao, stopping en route at the Town of Ayaviri which is an important livestock and textile centre.
Here, we will visit the impressive Temple of Kalasaya, ruins from the ancient Pucara Culture.
Also on the way, we will stop in Raqchi where we can see a spectacular Inca Sanctuary built by the Inca Pachacutec and dedicated to the great Inca God of Wiracocha. It has a great central wall with a stone base of fine Inca architecture. Other walls are made of giant adobe bricks. The structure also has two circular lateral columns. Around the Temple are several buildings once used for housing and storage.
About 70 km further on, we pass through the La Raya Ranch where we can see troops of vicuñas and llamas.
During the trip, we will also pass by the lovely Wacarpay Lake, offering spectacular views of the mountains reflected in its calm waters.
We proceed to the beautiful Town of Andahuaylillas and visit the Church of San Pedro de Andahuaylillas, better known as the Sistine Chapel of the Americas due to its decorated polychrome ceiling.
We will have buffet lunch in a quiet countryside restaurant, where we can enjoy the delightful culinary art of the region.
Continue your journey to Cusco and upon arrival, transfer to your hotel.
You have to manage dinner on your own.
Overnight in Cusco.
Cusco: Sightseeing tour and Nearby Ruins
After breakfast, the morning will be spent at leisure or we will visit our own Street San Blas.
Numerous artists and artisans reside in the artistic barrio (neighbourhood) of narrow streets, with a beautiful little plaza and paqcha, There are workshops of famous artisans such as the family Mendevil Olave and Merida. You will also see panoramic views of Cusco city.
Hatunrumivoc is located close to Plaza Nazarenas, not far from Plaza de Armas. It is a narrow pedestrian street, famous for its Inca walls where huge stones are precisely carved to fit together without mud or concrete. One can find the masterpiece, a 12 angled stone, about halfway down the street. The Inca stonework was incredible, actually so good that Spanish conquerors often used the old Inca structure as foundations for their own buildings. Hatunrumiyoc is a great place to have a closer look at the Inca's skills.
You can roam in the Central Market or Mercado de San Pedro. It is one of the oldest markets in Cusco, founded in 1925; despite its age, there are no significant changes made and it still remains the largest centre of concentration and supply to the city. The San Pedro Market in Cusco sits about an eight-minute walk south from Plaza de Armas.
On your walk to the market, you will generally notice more street vendors and ladies in traditional dress sitting on the street side, selling nuts, popcorn and other small bags of dried foods. You will also spot more local shops (Tiendas) selling the most random things. If you’re looking for an alpaca jumper, freshly made juice, a bag of nectarines, some plantains to fry, Botifarra (Ham sandwiches served on French bread) or some cheesy gifts for your family and friends back home, this is where you will find it.
In the afternoon, we will have a guided sightseeing tour of Cusco, visiting the Main Square, the Cathedral and the Temple of the Sun or Korikancha.
Then, we drive out of the city to visit the Inca sites of Kenko, Tambomachay, Puca Pucara and the impressive fortress of Sacsayhuaman, strategically built on a hill overlooking Cusco and famous for its enormous carved stones - some of them standing over 9m/30ft high and weighing over 350 tons.
At 8.00 p.m, we will get ready to enjoy a dinner accompanied by a folk show, in a typical restaurant where the musicians play their melodies with Andean instruments, while typically dressed dancers entertain you with traditional Peruvian dances.
Sacred Valley of the Incas - Santa Maria
Early morning excursion to the Urubamba, the Sacred Valley of the Incas.
En route, we can stop at Awanakancha. One cannot travel to Peru without taking time to see native Andean animals. And, unless you plan on heading deep into the countryside, the very best (and easiest place) to see them is at Awanakancha, a small camelid farm dedicated to the animals and intricate textiles produced from their wool.
On arrival at the farm, you will have the opportunity to meet the resident animals; Alpaca, Llama, and Vicuña. Separated by species and sex in large pens, the friendly animals are keen to meet visitors in the hope of receiving a tasty grassy snack. After getting to know the animals, you can take some time to visit some of the small onsite exhibits, where you can understand how the animal wool is refined and naturally dyed, before finally being expertly woven into fabrics, tapestries, clothing and a variety of other products. Women from native communities offer live examples of traditional (and intricate) weaving techniques, using basic tools and wooden looms.
Visit the picturesque Indian Pisac Market held on Tuesday, Thursday, and Sunday. This is the shopping paradise where barter is still practised.
Enjoy the unique atmosphere during a typical lunch.
In the afternoon, passing through the Towns of Calca and Urubamba, we will visit the Inca Fortress and Citadel of Ollantaytambo built to guard the entrance to this part of the valley and protect it from possible invasion from the tribes in the Lower jungle.
You can walk through the quaint streets of the nearby town and get a good idea of what this strategic military, religious, and agricultural centre was like during the era of the Inca Empire.
We continue the journey to Santa Maria, with a winding ascent towards the Abra Malaga.
The snowy Veronica is located at an altitude of 4316 meters where we can enjoy the magnificent landscapes of the Cusco geography.
After a short break of 15 minutes in the Abra Malaga, we descend into the jungle, through the different climates that combine the paradisiacal landscapes of majestic snow to the hot jungle of the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu.
At the height of Alfamayó, find a fully-paved Inca trail in admirable condition. It is the place where the asphalt road begins.
You can continue towards the district of Santa Maria which is located at an altitude of 1575 meters.
Santa Maria - Santa TERESA
Wake up at 7.00 am. You will find yourself in the midst of the jungle.
After a hearty breakfast, your day starts with a short but intense climb to start your section of an authentic Inka Trail.
As you wind up and down precipitous cliffs over a stunning valley, your guide will transport you to the time of the Incas, revealing some of what little we know about this ancient culture.
The trail descends to Quellomayo where the group will stop for lunch and have some time to relax in hammocks. Keep an eye out for natural fruit, especially the taste explosion that is maracuja (passion fruit).
After lunch, the trek continues along the surging Urubamba river, crossing it at one point in a cart and pulley (safe yet thrilling!).
Then we can walk to Santa Teresa Hot Spring which is constructed on the slopes of the mountain, on the banks of the Urubamba River. The thermal water complex has three pools, of different sizes and depths, which are supplied with medicinal water that varies between 40ºC - 44ºC.
The thermal baths of Santa Teresa differ mainly from the other springs of Peru because of its crystalline waters. These medicinal waters possess properties to treat cutaneous ulcers, bone pain, and rheumatism. In the thermal baths, you can also submerge under cold streams from the Uripata lagoons, which provides a comforting sensation. At the bottom of the pools, there is soft sand and around the pools, we can contemplate rocks, vegetation, the sound of the river and the mountain.
The thermal baths of Santa Teresa are fully equipped with bathrooms, showers, dressing rooms, soccer fields, space for camping, cafeteria, a kiosk for food and beverage supply and a viewpoint. It also has a hydromassage system.
It is a very pleasant place to rest after extensive walks such as Machu Picchu and Choquequirao.
Santa Teresa- Machupicchu - Cuzco
This day, we will take a car to Machupicchu Hydroelectric Station. For those who wish to walk, it is a three-hour trek from the Hydroelectric to Aguas Calientes - 'Town of Machu Picchu'.
Head to the bus station for your journey to the famous Inca Citadel of Machu Picchu, also known as 'The Lost City of the Incas'.
The bus will climb 6km of winding road, to the incredible site of Huayna Picchu also known as Wayne Picchu (Quechua - "Young Peak").
The number of daily visitors allowed to enter Huayna Picchu is restricted to 200. It is a mountain in Peru, around which the Urubamba River bends. It rises over Machupicchu, the so-called lost city of the Incas, and divides it into sections. The Incas built a trail up the side of the Huayna Picchu and built temples and terraces on its top.
The peak of Huayna Picchu is about 2720 meters (8,920ft) above sea level, or about 360 meters (1,180ft) higher than Machu Picchu. According to local guides, the top of the mountain was the residence for the high priest and the local virgins. Every morning, before sunrise, the high priest with a small group would walk to Machu Picchu to signal the coming of the new day.
The Temple of the Moon, one of the three major temples in the Machu Picchu area, is nestled on the side of the mountain and is situated at an elevation lower than Machu Picchu.
Adjacent to the Temple of the Moon is the Great Cavern, another sacred temple with fine masonry. The other major local temples in Machu Picchu are the Temple of the Condor, Temple of Three Windows, Principal Temple, "Unfinished Temple", and the Temple of the Sun also called the Torreon.
Then we will participate in a guided tour of the Citadel, visiting the Main Plaza, the Circular Tower, the Sacred Sun Dial, the Royal Quarters, the Temple of the Three Windows and various burial grounds.
The Sun Gates of Machu Picchu boasts a picture-perfect vantage point overlooking Peru's most famous ruins. Tourists flock to this outcrop, high in the Andes Mountains, to enjoy the same view featured on virtually every postcard depicting the Machu Picchu citadel. Also known as Inti Punku, the Sun Gates consist of two stones perched at the narrow passage in the crevice of the mountain, just above Machu Picchu. The sunshine rises brilliantly through this portal, each day.
Cuzco gives an excellent opportunity to enjoy a stroll through the town of Aguas Calientes and visit its hot springs with thermal waters.
Then, you will visit Mandor Waterfall. It is an unforgettable adventure in an area of lush forest surrounding the town of Machu Picchu. Just follow the railway line from Machu Picchu Pueblo for a 45 minute-hike. You will reach a railway crossing, from which you will see a small group of houses whose dwellers will tell you how to reach Mandor Waterfall.
Hot Spring is at distance of 800 m east of Machupicchu town; there are hot sulfur springs which bubble up from the rocky underground at varying temperatures. The specially-built pools at this resort are the basis of its use as a hot mineral bath. The hot spring offers natural resources for medical therapy, and also is a great treatment for Rheumatism. It helps to get rid of stress and toxins, enhance your metabolism and avoid high blood pressure. The average temperature of the water runs from 38° to 46°C. There are also changing rooms, bathrooms and, and a small snack bar.
At 2.30 p.m or 7.00 p.m, take the train back to Cuzco.
Upon arrival, transfer to your selected hotel for overnight.
Cusco - Lima - home
Transfer to Cusco airport for your flight to Lima and back home.
In Lima, a sightseeing tour.
In Paracas and Nazca, an excursion to the Ballestas Islands in Paracas and overflight of the Nazca lines.
In Arequipa, sightseeing tour and excursion through Arequipa's countryside
In Colca, everything is included (excursions and meals).
In Puno, boating excursion on Titicaca Lake. Lunch in Taquile and visit Sillustani.
In Cusco, a sightseeing tour and visiting nearby ruins. Dinner including folklore show.
In the Sacred Valley of the Incas, excursion to Pisac and Ollantaytambo. Lunch included.
In Machu Picchu, guided visit to the Citadel including the lunch.
14 nights accommodation.
All breakfasts and meals as described in the programme.
All entrance tickets applicable.
All transfers and land transportation.
Train ticket from Ollantaytambo - Aguas Calientes – Ollantaytambo.
Bus ticket from Aguas Calientes - Machu Picchu - Aguas Calientes.
Bus ticket from Lima - Paracas - Nasca - Arequipa - Puno - Cusco.
Airfare from Cusco to Lima.
All applicable taxes.
Daily tours with bilingual guides (English / Spanish), as described in the itinerary.
Axel Tippe tour leader en route Sacred Valley - Santa Maria - Santa Teresa - Machupicchu - Cusco
Baggage excess (Cusco - Puno bus).
Alcoholic drinks, soda or bottled mineral water.
International or national personal telephone calls.
Meals not mentioned in the itinerary
On the 1st day, no meals are included
On 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 8th and 14th day, only breakfast is included.
On 4th, 7th, 9th, 10th and 13th day, breakfast and lunch are included.
On 6th and 12th day, breakfast, lunch, and dinner are included.
On the 11th day, breakfast and dinner are included.
Arequipa, Colca Canyon, Cusco, Ica, Juliaca, Lake Titicaca, Lima, Machu Picchu, Nazca, Ollantaytambo, Puno, Urubamba
Type of Tour
This tour is offered throughout the year.
Other Tours by this guide
Explore the capital city of Peru of Pre-Hispanic, Colonial and Modern times. See monuments, churches, plazas and learn the ...
Enjoy the beautiful views of snow-covered peaks, panoramic views around as you ascend towards most famous Inca citadel. ...
Sail down the Amazon River, across Peru, Colombia and Brazil, to the Lost City of Incas and on the way, explore rainforests, ...
Visit one of the most important religious centres of ancient Peru, an oracle dedicated to the god Pachacamac. ...
See the best of Peru, from its famous attractions; the Inca ruins at Machu Picchu, the Floating Islands at Lake ...