10 Days Culture tour itinerary for sri-lanka: Culture, Adventure, Ancient Cites And Beach
Colombo, Galle, Kandy, Nuwara Eliya, Polonnaruwa, Yala National Park
Experience Sri Lanka's culture, history, adventure, different climates, picturesque landscape, and the warm hospitality of the local people.
In the evening visit Negombo City Tour.
Negombo Dutch Port.
St Anthony's church.
Sigiriya - Pinnawala
1. Elephant Orphanage in Pinnawala.
Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage is an orphanage, nursery and captive breeding ground for wild Asian elephants located at Pinnawala village. The orphanage was founded to care and protect the orphaned unweaned wild elephants found wandering in and near the forests of Sri Lanka. It was established in 1975 by the Sri Lanka Department of Wildlife Conservation.
2. Sigiriya Lion Rock.
From the elephant orphanage, within about three hours’ time, we can reach Sigiriya.
The rock fortress was built by King Kashyapa, who killed his father to gain his wealth. This wonderful fortress in the shape of a lion is a masterpiece of architecture. UNESCO has declared Sigiriya as a World Heritage Site.
1.Polonnaruwa- the Second Kingdom of Sri Lanka.
Polonnaruwa is the second kingdom of Sri Lanka. There are about ten ancient ruins to visit in Polonnaruwa. The largest man-made reservoir the Parakkrema Samudraya was built during King Parakkremabahu’s reign. In the complex of Gal Vihara, there are imposing Buddha sculptures in granite. This is one of the most evocative pieces of sculpture in the world.
2. Minneriya National Park
In the afternoon we can get a chance to visit the wildlife safari in Minneriya National Park. Minneriya national park is in the Polonnaruwa district and north central province.the park covers an area of 8.889 hit. the park opened for visitors since 1998.
Cave temple in Dambulla.
The caves were built at the base of a 150 mtrs high rock, during the period of Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa kingdoms.Dating back to the 1st century BC, this is the most impressive cave temple in Sri Lanka.Inside the caves, the ceilings are painted with religious images as well as various gods and goddesses.
The architecture of this temple is a mix of Hindu and Buddhist styles and it is very rare to see anywhere else.It was built in the 8th century.
3.Aluvihara Cave Temple - Matale.
The history of Aluvihare Rock Temple is traced back to the 3rd Century B.C to the reign of King Devanampiyatissa.It is believed that the King built the Dagoba, planted the Bo sapling and founded the temple after the introduction of Buddhism to the country during his reign.The monks who left to India and to the hilly areas of Sri Lanka, during the difficult period, returned to Anuradhapura.They decided to transcribe the Tripiṭaka (philosophical doctrines of Buddhism) for the preservation and for the use of future generations.The monks selected Aluvihare Rock Temple in Matale as the most suitable and secure place to carry out this important event.
Enroute, we will visit the Aluvihara Rock temple, which is one of most importance places to visit.
4.Muthumari Amman Hindu Temple - Matale
The land was originally a part of a paddy field and was gifted by the owner in 1852.The current temple was built in 1874, funded by the Nattukkottai Chettiar.This temple is used by both Hindus and Buddhists.The temple was originally a small statue under a tree prayed to by the Hindu people but has been developed by the people in [sensitive content] of the most visually dominant features of this temple is its 55 m (180 ft) high Gopuram ('Raja Koburum'), a large decorated tower located above the main northern gateway ('Vadakku Veli Veedi') to the temple.The Raja Koburum is one of the largest Gopurams in Sri Lanka.The 1008 statues of Hindu deities are the work of South Indian sculptor, Nagalingam and his son Ramanathan, with the help of about 100 designers, painters and architects from Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka.
Kandy is the second biggest city in Sri Lanka.It was the last capital of the ancient kings' era of Sri Lanka.The city lies in the midst of hills in the Kandy plateau, which crosses an area of tropical plantations, mainly tea.Kandy is both an administrative and religious city and is also the capital of the Central Province.Kandy is the home of The Temple of the Tooth Relic (Sri Dalada Maligawa), one of the most sacred places of worship in the Buddhist world.It was declared a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1988.
6.Temple of tooth relic.
The Sri Dalada Maligawa, (temple of tooth) which enshrines the Tooth Relic of Lord Buddha is the holiest shrine in the Buddhist world and to the Buddhist people of the Sri Lanka.According to the history, the tooth relic was brought to Sri Lanka in the reign of king Kithsiri Sri Megavarna in Anuradhapura, by Princess Hemamali from India.
We can get a chance to see the Kandy Culture Show in the evening near Kandy lake at 5.00 pm
Nuwaraeliya - the Little England
1. Royal Botanical Garden in Peradeniya
Royal Botanic Gardens, Peradeniya are about 5.5 km to the west of the city of Kandy in the Central Province of Sri Lanka. It attracts 2 million visitors annually. It is near the Mahaweli River (the longest river in Sri Lanka). It is renowned for its collection of orchids. The garden includes more than 4000 species of plants, including orchids, spices, medicinal plants and palm trees. Attached to it is the National Herbarium of Sri Lanka. The total area of the botanical garden is 147 acres (0.59 km2), at 460 meters above sea level, and with a 200-day annual rainfall. It is managed by the Division of National Botanic Gardens of the Department of Agriculture.
On our way to Nuwaraeliya we could visit this beautiful garden. Within about two hours’ time, we could cover the all of the area, the garden.
2. Tea Plantation and Tea Factory
The humidity, cool temperatures, and rainfall of the country's central highlands provide a climate that favours the production of high-quality tea. The industry was introduced to the country in 1867 by James Taylor, a British planter who arrived in 1852. Over 188,175 hectares (727 sq. mi) or approximately 4% of the country’s land area is covered in tea plantations. The crop is best grown at high altitudes of over 2,100 m (6,890 ft.), and the plants require an annual rainfall of more than 100–125 cm (39–49 in).
Tea is cultivated in Sri Lanka using the ‘contour planting’ method, where tea bushes are planted in lines in coordination with the contours of the land, usually on slopes. For commercial manufacture, the ‘flush’ or leaf growth on the side branches and stems of the bush are used. Generally, two leaves and a bud, which have the flavour and aroma, are skillfully plucked, usually by women.
The tea factories found on most tea estates in Sri Lanka are crucial to the final quality and value of manufactured tea. After plucking, the tea is very quickly taken to the muster sheds to be weighed and monitored under close supervision, and then the teas are brought to the factory. A tea factory in Sri Lanka is typically a multi-storied building and located on tea estates to minimize the costs and time between plucking and tea processing. The tea leaves are taken to the upper floors of the factories where they are spread in troughs, a process is known as withering, which removes excess moisture in the leaf. Once withered, the tea leaves are rolled, twisted and parted, which serves as a catalyst for the enzymes in the leaves to react with the oxygen in the air, especially with the production of black tea. When we traveling from Kandy to Nuwara Eliya, we can see a lot of tea plantation and tea factories.
3. Ramboda Ella Falls
Ramboda Falls is 109 m (358 ft.) high and 11th highest waterfall in Sri Lanka and 729th highest waterfall in the world. It is situated in Pussellawa area, on the A-5 highway at Ramboda Pass. It was formed by Panna Oya which is a tributary of Kothmale Oya. Altitude of the falls is 945 m (3,100 ft) above sea level.
4. Nuwara Eliya – the Little England
Its unique climate, the atmosphere which some say is a typical English environment. The golf course, race course, horses, rose gardens and British style houses add up to a perfect vacation retreat. Staying overnight in this cool city is a wonderful experience.
The town is well planned and still retain its English style. You can take a leisurely walk around the beautiful Lake Gregory and enjoy stunning scenery and panoramic vistas, with rugged mountains outlined against clear blue sky making a breath-taking backdrop.
Ella and the Hill Country Train
1. Horton Plains - (optional)
Horton Plains National Park is a protected area in the central highlands of Sri Lanka and is covered by montane grassland and cloud forest. This plateau at an altitude of 2,100–2,300 metres (6,900–7,500 ft) is rich in biodiversity and many species found here are endemic to the region. This region was designated a national park in 1988. It is also a popular tourist destination and is situated 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) from Ohiya, 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) from the world famous Ohiya Gap/Dondra Watch and 32 kilometres (20 mi) from Nuwara Eliya.
The Horton Plains are the headwaters of three major Sri Lankan rivers, the Mahaweli, Kelani, and Walawe. Baker's Fall, a waterfall formed by Belihul Oya, a tributary of the Walawe River is named after Sir Samuel Baker, a hunter and explorer who attempted to establish a European agricultural settlement at Nuwara Eliya. The waterfall is 20 metres (66 ft) high. Slab Rock Falls is another well-known waterfall in the plains. The waterfall can be reached by walking on one of the main trails the trail is a bit steep at the end but the difficulty level is medium to easy.
2. The Hill Country Train
The train journey from Nuwara Eliya to ella is a better way to get the maximum experience of train journey in the hill country. I will reserve your train tickets in advance and my guide will do all the necessary steps for the journey. Total journey will take about 2 and half hour time.
3. Ella - Rock
Elle is a small town in the Badulla District of Uva Province, Sri Lanka. It is approximately 200 kilometres (120 mi) east of Colombo and is situated at an elevation of 1,041 metres (3,415 ft) above sea level. The area has a rich bio-diversity, dense with numerous varieties of flora and fauna. Ella is surrounded by hills covered with cloud forests and tea plantations. The town has a cooler climate than surrounding lowlands, due to its elevation. The Ella Gap allows views across the southern plains of Sri Lanka. Ella rock, little Adam’s peak, nine arch bridge, the most attraction places near Ella.
yala national park
1. Ravana Ella Falls
This waterfall measures approximately 25 m (82 ft) in height and cascades from an oval-shaped concave rock outcrop. During the local wet season, the waterfall turns into what is said to resemble an areca flower with withering petals. But this is not the case in the dry season, where the flow of water reduces dramatically. The falls form part of the Ravana Ella Wildlife Sanctuary, and is located 6 km (3.7 mi) away from the local railway station at Ella.
2. Ravana Caves
The famous Ravana Ella Cave lies 1,370 m (4,490 ft) above sea level on the foundation of a cliff. The cave is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Sri Lanka, located 11 km (7 mi) away from Bandarawela. Excavations undertaken in the cave uncovered evidence of human habitation dating back to 25,000 years.
3. Buduruwagala Temple
Buduruwagala is an ancient buddhist temple in Sri Lanka. The complex consists of seven statues and belongs to the Mahayana school of thought. The statues date back to the 10th century. The gigantic Buddha statue still bears traces of its original stuccoed robe and a long streak of orange suggests it was once brightly painted. The centre of the three figures to the Buddha's right is thought to be the Buddhist mythological figure - the Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara. To the left of this white painted figure is a female figure in the thrice-bent posture, which is thought to be his consort-Tara. Authorities generally date them to the 9th or 10th century. Buduruvagala does not have much historical records. Even its original name is unknown. It is thought to be a hermitage for monks. The sculptures of Buduruvagala also include many sculptures of Bodhisattva images including Mahayana tradition.
4. Tissa Lake
The lake, an artificial reservoir, is thought to have been constructed in the 3rd Century BC, either by Mahanaga of Ruhuna or his successor Yatala Tissa of Ruhuna, in order to irrigate paddy lands and supply water to the flourishing city of Tissamaharama. The lake was restored in 1871. The embankment (or bund) on the southern shore supports the Tissa-Kataragama road, which is lined by old Indian rain trees planted by the British to provide shade. In the evening we can have a walk around the Tissa Lake and see the panoramic sunset.
5. Tissa Temple
The Tissamaharama Raja Maha Vihara is an ancient Buddhist temple in Tissamaharama, Southern Province of Sri Lanka. It was one of the four major Buddhist monasteries established in Sri Lanka, after the arrival of Arhant Mahinda Thera to the country. The site of the Tissamaharama Raja Maha Vihara was consecrated by Lord Buddha himself, who spent sometime in meditation there with 500 arhats (individuals who have reached enlightenment), during his third visit to the island. Tissamaharama monastery had been recognized as a pre-eminent Buddhist educational center of the southern Sri Lanka from the 3rd century B.C. to the 11 th century A.D. The Tissamaharama Dagoba which is situated in the premises of the monastery is one of the largest stupas in Sri Lanka.
6. Yala National Park
It is the most visited and second largest national park in Sri Lanka. Yala consists of five blocks, two of which are now open to the public, and also adjoining parks. The blocks have individual names such as, Ruhuna National Park (block 1) and Kumana National Park or 'Yala East' for the adjoining area. It is situated in the southeast region of the country, and lies in Southern Province and Uva Province. The park covers 979 square kilometres (378 sq mi) and is located about 300 kilometres (190 mi) from Colombo. It is best known for its variety of wild animals and is important for the conservation of Sri Lankan elephants, Sri Lankan leopards and aquatic birds.
One night stay in Mirissa beach
1. Tangalle Beach
While travelling from Yala to Mirissa, we find a very calm and clear Tangalle Beach. You can stop here for a little time here and get the feeling of the beach and blue sky.
2. Mulkirigala Temple - Cave Temple
Mulkirigala is an ancient Buddhist temple in Mulkirigala, Sri Lanka. It has been built on a 205 m (673 ft) high natural rock, surrounded with another four rocks known as Benagala, Kondagala, Bisogala and Seelawathiegala. The temple has been formally recognized by the Government as an archaeological site in Sri Lanka.
3. Star Fort Matara
The fort in Matara, Sri Lanka is located on the eastern bank of the Nilwala River, approximately 350 metres (1,150 ft) from the gate to the Matara fort. It was constructed by the Dutch in 1765, and was originally called Redoute Van Eck.
4. Lighthouse in Dondra
Dondra Head Lighthouse is a lighthouse located on Dondra Head near the southernmost point in Sri Lanka and is the tallest lighthouse in Sri Lanka. It is also one of the tallest in South East Asia. The lighthouse is operated and maintained by the Sri Lanka Ports Authority. It stands near the village of Dondra, and is approximately 6 km (3.7 mi) southeast of Matara. The name Dondra is a synonym for "Devi-Nuwara" in the local Sinhala language, "Devi" meaning "Gods" and "Nuwara" meaning "City". Dondra is therefore derived to mean "City of the Gods".
5. Polhena Beach in Matara
The Polhena Beach in Matara is about 2 km at a distance from the city center and the great thing about it is that any person can easily swim through the area as the sea water is fenced with the corals. This is done to protect and secure the tourists who are especially enjoying quality time with their families and friends, in Matara. Polhena Beach in Matara is also a great honeymoon location as there are many amazing areas and places to visit that are very romantic due to their classic look and feeling. Another great feature is that the Nilwala River flows through the city and directly falls into the sea at Totamuna. There is a beautiful island named as the Crow Island that is directly in front of the Polhena Beach in Matara. It also adds to the aesthetic appeal of the place as it is beautifully located and gives a spectacular look to the visitors who are fantasized by the beauty of this place. The greenery and beautiful trees enhance and overall appeal of the area.
Polhena beach is very close to Mirissa. Anytime we can reach Polohena beach about ten minutes time from Mirissa.
6. Mirissa Beach
Mirissa is a small town on the south coast of Sri Lanka, located in the Matara District of the Southern Province. It is approximately 150 kilometres (93 mi) south of Colombo and is situated at an elevation of 4 metres (13 ft) above the sea level. Mirissa's beach and nightlife make it a popular tourist destination. It is also a fishing port and one of the island's main whale and dolphin watching locations. Mirissa is the largest fishing port on the south coast and is known for its tuna, mullet, snapper and butterfish. In 1980 the first tourist accommodation was built however it wasn't until the mid-1990s that tourism to the town started to dramatically increase.
One night stay in galle
1. Sea Turtle Hatchery
The "Sea Turtle Farm & Hatchery" is a non - profitable organization which is maintained for the survival of Sea Turtles and their next generation. The "Turtle Farm" is situated in Habaraduwa (southern part of Sri Lanka - Galle District) near to the beautiful beach. That is 5 m from the Galle - Matara main road. The center was started in 1986 and till now they have released more than 500,000 Sea Turtles to the ocean.
2. Galle Fort
Galle Fort, in the Bay of Galle on the southwest coast of Sri Lanka, was built first in 1588 by the Portuguese and then extensively fortified by the Dutch during the 17th century from 1649 onwards. It is a historical, archaeological and architectural heritage monument, which even after 4 centuries have maintained a polished appearance, due to extensive reconstruction work done by Archaeological Department of Sri Lanka. The fort has a colourful history, and today has a multi-ethnic and multi-religious population. The Sri Lankan government and many Dutch people who still own some of the properties inside the fort are looking at making this one of the modern wonders of the world. The heritage value of the fort has been recognized by the UNESCO and the site has been inscribed as a cultural heritage UNESCO World Heritage Site under criteria IV, for its unique exposition of "an urban ensemble which illustrates the interaction of European architecture and South Asian traditions from the 16th to the 19th centuries.
Proceed to airport for departure
1. Colombo City Tour
As Colombo possesses a natural harbour, it was known to Indian, Greeks, Persians, Romans, Arabs, and Chinese traders over 2,000 years ago. Traveller Ibn Batuta who visited the island in the 14th century, referred to it as Kalanpu. Arabs, whose prime interests was trade, began to settle in Colombo around the 8th century AD mostly because the port helped their business by the way of controlling much of the trade between the Sinhalese kingdoms and the outside world. Their descendants now comprise the local Sri Lankan Moor community.
Now the Colombo is the Sri Lanka’s main commercial city. Many government offices and their head office have a base in the Colombo city.
2. Independence Memorial Hall
It is a national monument in Sri Lanka built for the commemoration of the independence of Sri Lanka from the British rule with the restoration of full governing responsibility to a Ceylonese-elected legislature on February 4, 1948. Located at the head of the monument is the statue of the first prime minister of the country Rt. Hon. Don Stephen Senanayake "The Father of the Nation". Most of the annual National Independence Day celebrations have been held here. Apart from a monument it served as the ceremonial assembly hall for the Senate of Ceylon and the House of Representatives of Ceylon until the parliament was moved to the new parliament complex. Currently it is the venue for religious events and annual national day celebrations.
3. Town Hall
The Town Hall of Colombo is the headquarters of the Colombo Municipal Council and the office of the Mayor of Colombo. Built in front of the Viharamahadevi Park, Colombo, Sri Lanka, it is the meeting place for the elected municipal council. The Council chamber is located in the centre of the block on the first floor surmounted by a dome. On either side and on the longitudinal axis is an open courtyard surrounded on each floor by the different departments of Council. The main entrance and staircase hall is situated at the centre of the front façade, facing directly onto Viharamahadevi Park, with the two staff entrances being at the two remote corners of the façade in the rear. There are six Corinthian columns in the main porch, six on either side to the front and ten columns on either side of the building. The columns are each 11.6 m (38 ft) in height. The building is 108 m (354 ft) in length and 51.3 m (168 ft) in width and the total height of the building equals its width.
A full-time comfortable car with English speaking experienced chauffeur.
Accommodation in 3-star class hotel with breakfast. (Bed and B'fast).
Fuel for the total tour.
Chauffeur guide's accommodation and food.
Parking and Highway tickets charges.
Vehicle-related other expenses.
Free WI-FI in the car (on request).
Drinking water bottles.
Special refreshments during the tour.
Porter's charges and tips.
You can do any changes the itinerary and can negotiate the price according to the itinerary.